The Dutch transition towards being natural gas-free started in 2018 after the Dutch government decided to gradually reduce the extraction of natural gas from the Groningen gas fields which repetitively has caused damages and injuries due to subsidence accompanied by earthquakes. Even though municipalities are in charge of this transition, different actors play an important role in making this transition a success. Citizens (i.e., homeowners), local initiatives (i.e., often united homeowners), policy-makers (i.e., the Dutch government and municipalities) and suppliers (i.e., businesses who provide and install the technical solutions for this transition) are depending on each other in this process. This report summarizes the behaviours, goals, expected positive and negative outcomes, norms and agencies of these actors and examines their relationship.
D3.2 Case study 2 report: Natural gas-free neighbourhoods, The Netherlands