In GRETA, we study the conditions of and barriers to energy citizenship and explore ways to promote it across the EU.
What does it mean to be an energy citizen?
Energy citizenship means that citizens actively participate in taking action towards climate neutrality. This can take many forms, from homeowners opting for renewable energy solutions or electric vehicles, to participation in energy communities or advocating for change on a global scale.
By 2050, over 80% of EU households may become active players in the energy system. This would entail households producing renewable energy, adjusting their energy consumption and/or storing green electricity to be optimally managed locally. New EU legislation supports these goals by giving communities and individual citizens the right to generate, store, and sell their own energy.
Why is energy citizenship needed?
The European Union aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 and to reach climate neutrality by 2050. To reach these goals, the EU is gearing its energy policy towards renewable energy adoption, energy efficiency, and electric mobility.
However, evidence shows that decarbonisation is not occurring at the desired pace. The goals can only be achieved if citizens become more engaged and are given equal opportunity to take action towards achieving them. More citizen-centric action needs to be taken.